Près de 78 000 « grands électeurs » votent ce dimanche entre 8 h 30 et 17 h 30 pour élire 170 sénateurs. Et s’ils ne rendent pas aux urnes, mieux vaut qu’ils aient un motif valable pour éviter de passer à la caisse.
Voting is a right in France, but a duty for the grand electors who are called to the polls every three years to renew half of the Senate. Deputies, senators, regional, departmental and municipal councilors are indeed required to participate in the election, under the risk of being fined as stated in Article L. 318 of the electoral code: « Any member of the electoral college who, without legitimate reason, does not participate in the vote, will be sentenced to a fine of 100 euros by the judicial court of the capital city, upon requisition of the public prosecutor. »
Quels sont les motifs valables pour ne pas exercer son droit de vote ?
According to a note from the AMF (Association of Mayors of France) on the organization of senatorial elections, a serious and justified reason must be given for staying at home. « Major impediments » are considered to be obligations resulting from « professional obligations, disabilities, health reasons, or assistance provided to a sick or disabled person. »
If any of these electors are in temporary custody or serving a sentence, they must vote, unless their conviction deprives them of the right to vote.
The note specifies that these excuses must be justified in order to avoid paying the famous 100 euro fine. When this is the case and the eligible voter cannot vote, their substitute delegate must vote on their behalf or else face « the same penalty applied under the same conditions » if, « properly notified in due time, they do not participate in the voting process. »
Les citoyens de la Lozère et des Pyrénées-Orientales en Occitanie sont conviés à voter ce dimanche.