Conférence sociale sur les bas salaires : 5 questions pour comprendre à quoi elle peut servir

l’essentiel Syndicats, patronat et gouvernement se retrouvent autour d’Elisabeth Borne pour la conférence sociale sur les bas salaires à partir de ce lundi 16 octobre. Sur quelles mesures concrètes peut-elle déboucher ? Quelles sont les positions des uns et des autres ? La Dépêche fait le point.

Workers who earn a low salary each month are the focus of the social conference that opens today, Monday, October 16th, around Elisabeth Borne. Employer and trade union organizations will gather to discuss several topics, three days after union mobilization in the streets for wages, against austerity, and for gender equality. Elisabeth Borne promises announcements.

Who is participating in the social conference?

Six trade unions (CFDT, CGT, FO, CFTC, CFE-CGC, and Unsa) and six employers’ organizations (Medef, U2P, CPME, Fnsea, Fesac, and Udes) are scheduled to meet at the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cese) in Paris. The Solidaires union, which did not meet with Elisabeth Borne this week when she met with social partners, will also be present. The agenda includes a plenary session in the morning, workshops in the afternoon, and a closing plenary session.

What topics are on the agenda?

The social partners will therefore attempt on Monday to initiate discussions among themselves, under the auspices of the government. Several topics are on the agenda: « conventional minima, classifications, and career progression »; « part-time work and short-term contracts »; « exemptions from contributions, activity bonuses, and compression of wages, » according to Matignon. The theme of gender equality has been added at the request of the unions.

Quels sont les souhaits des syndicats ?

FO et la CGT souhaitent indexer les salaires sur l’inflation. Une idée que semble écarter le gouvernement.  En France, seul le Smic est indexé sur la hausse des prix. Autre souhaitait syndical : conditionner les exonérations fiscales accordées aux entreprises à la hausse des salaires. Sur ce point, le gouvernement fait preuve de « beaucoup de prudence », selon la CFTC. Le Medef est opposé à cette idée.

Est-ce que le gouvernement a le pouvoir de faire augmenter les salaires minimums ?

« I cannot reword »

How many workers receive low wages?

Since the minimum wage is linked to inflation, it increases faster than the rest of the salaries. Some professional minimum wages are catching up, which creates a « compression » of salaries, according to the unions. As a result, even with several years of seniority, employees remain at the minimum wage. « Some start their professional life at the minimum wage and are still there years later, it’s discouraging! » notes Elisabeth Borne. Currently, about 60 professional branches have minimum wages lower than the minimum wage, instead of 145 in May, according to the Ministry of Labor.

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